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Look at Saturn and Say Cheese!
If youâve ever wanted your picture taken from more than 1 billion kilometers away, hereâs your chance. On July 19 between 21:27 to 21:42 UTC (5:27â5:42 p.m. EDT), the Cassini spacecraft will be pointed toward Earth for a series of what will no doubt become iconic pictures of Saturn and our home world together.
The images are being taken as part of a giant mosaic of Saturn that will be captured by Cassini. The spacecraft orbits Saturn and over the course of four hours will be in a part of its orbit where the disk of the planet itself will block the Sun. Cassini will see the rings backlit, the planet dark, with perhaps a halo of light circling the disk due to sunlight scattered by its atmosphere.
But just off to the side, a bit below Saturnâs face, will hang the pale blue dot of Earth, 1.45 billion kilometers (900 million miles) away. Even from that terrible distance, Cassiniâs cameras should be able to detect the Earthâs Moon as well.
During the 15-minute window outlined above, the spacecraft will have its cameras pointed at Earth, taking images in a series of filters to provide a relatively true-color image. The United States will be in sunlight then, but it will be night for people in Europe. The illustration here shows what part of the Earth will be seen by Cassini from Saturn; if you see your part of the world, then Cassini will see you. Be sure to go outside and wave. (Note: The folks at Cassini have already accounted for the 80 minutes it takes light to go from Earth to Saturn, so the times above are the times to wave.)
Now, to be clear, the entire face of our planet will be at best 2 pixels in size from Cassini, and the Earth is roughly 100 million times wider than your face. Youâll be, um, unlikely to recognize yourself. But when the final picture is put together, youâll have the knowledge that when Cassini was looking at you, you were looking right back.
The final image should be spectacular. The picture at the top of this post was taken in 2006 and shows what it looks like when the Saturnian system is backlit by our star. Earth is in that shot (indicated by the arrow), a tiny blue bit just outside the bright main rings. (A similar shot was taken in 2012, sans Earth.) It made quite a splash (I picked it as my top picture of 2006, which proved so popular it jammed the Cassini Web servers at the time), and for good reason. Itâs gorgeous, itâs weird, and it gives us a sense of just how remote and lonely and wonderful and audacious our exploits can be.
Cassini is a plutonium-powered school-bus-sized robot thatâs been orbiting Saturn for nearly a decade, and we put it there. Thatâs reason enough to take a moment and celebrate what we can do. And if you donât believe me, read what Cassini Imaging Team Leader Carolyn Porco has to say about this. Itâs inspiring.
The science Cassini does is astonishing, and weâve learned more about Saturn in the past decade due to it than we had in the previous century. Scientists will be studying that data for the next century to come â¦ but even so, itâs not all about science. Sometime itâs OK to stand back, admire the art, and realize that it can be about us.